It is sad that the environment becomes more polluted every day. In this century, people have lost the drive to keep the environment safe for themselves and the environment. Air pollution has lead to the presence of toxic substances in the atmosphere. Recent studies show that the highest form of air pollution is mainly caused y humans. Human activities have led to chemicals and gasses that generate some negative effects in the ecosystem; especially for the ecosystem with living things that keep the planet alive.
Clearly, air pollution affects all sectors of the environment; cities, aquatic systems, animals, humans, cultures and forests among others have to face the adverse effects of air pollution. Today, we are going to focus on the two main systems that are affected by the air pollution
Consequences of air pollution on the environment
The polluted air is light and does not just stick to one area. It is carried away by the strong winds to different part of the atmosphere. The high temperatures and clouds are other factors that help in the dispersion of the wind. This way, they reach greater distances and make worse effects.
How does it impact the environment? Air pollution has been shown to have a major effect on plant evolution. The negative consequences include prevention of photosynthesis. It also prevents the simple process of air purification by the plants.
The accumulation of harmful gasses in the air can generate endless environmental issues. Some of the common consequences of harmful air accumulation include the depletion of the ozone layer, the greenhouse effect, acid rain and global warming among other things. The concentration of the harmful gases in the atmosphere increases by an alarming 1% every year. Carbon dioxide is the highest percentage in all the harmful gasses found in the atmosphere. The increase is due to the absorption of heat by other gasses in the atmosphere.
Atmospheric precipitation in form of frost, fog/snow, or frost caused by acid rain is really dangerous to the environment. The gases are released during fossil fuel combustion. They are later transformed into vapour while they are in the atmosphere. Acid rain affects some animals, plans, water and other living beings in the environment.
Consequences on human health
Air pollution is the largest cause of allergies, conjunctivitis, lung and skin cancer blood related issues, cardiovascular diseases, asthma, vision problems, bronchial diseases, and slow mental development among children. The people who are most vulnerable to these types of attacks are the sick people and children.
In some places, professional scientists have been able to associate the increase of air pollution particles to the thickening of the artery wall (atherosclerosis). Studies show that people living in urban areas and places with large traffic volumes have a higher chance of developing these respiratory issues. the slow development of the pulmonary artery and diseases like bronchitis are more common in such areas as opposed to people living thousands of miles off the cities.
One of the main solutions for air pollution is to stop using non degradable and non renewable things as they contribute greatly in the process of pollution.