Effects of air pollution on the environment

Air pollution is caused by human activities or natural acts of God. Pollutants arise when activities lead to the interaction of substances to create different chemicals which are considered pollutants. In most cases, air pollution by natural means occurs when strong winds carry loose dust and ends up compromising on the air quality. Other biochemical activities such as breathing, respiration, decomposition and photosynthesis lead to the production of gases considered to be pollutants or their intermediates. The most dangerous form of natural air pollution is caused by eruptions and subsequent release o toxic gases into the atmosphere.

Respiratory issues

Respiratory and heart problems have been linked to air pollution in the recent years. These effects are very alarming; they are known to create several heart conditions, respiratory issue, cancer and other harmful diseases.  To prove that, there are millions of people who have died due to the direct and indirect effects of air pollution. In areas where there is excessive air pollution, children are known to suffer from diseases like asthma and pneumonia.

Causes global warming

Global warming is another direct effect of air pollution. It is caused by chemical and physical alterations in the air.  The increased temperatures around the word have lead to the increase in levels of the sea in different areas and ice melting in the colder regions of the world. When the ice and icebergs in those regions melt, they cause major displacement and loss of habitat for some creatures.  If actions are not taken to preserve and normalize such environments, there could be permanent damage to the ecosystem.

Acid rain

Have you heard of acid rain before? It is caused by air pollution. During burning or degradation of fossil fuels, harmful gasses that include sulphur oxides and nitrogen oxides are released into the atmosphere. When it rains, the chemicals combine with the water droplets to produce what is known as acid rain. The result is acidic rain falling into the ground. it is strong enough to cause corrosion in metals; this means it is very harmful to humans, animals and the environment.


This condition describes high amount of sulphur oxides being released into the atmosphere and landing on the surface of the sea. These pollutants get developed on the sea surface and start turning into algae. In the end, it has a very negative effect on the sea and plant animals.  Green -colored algae in lakes and ponds is a sign of Eutrophication.

The depletion of the ozone layer

The ozone layer is what keeps harmful UV rays from reaching us directly. These rays have the potential to cause harm to all forms of life on the planet. This is the reason that depletion of the ozone is a major concern. The CFC gases responsible for the greenhouse effect are also to blame for the reducing ozone. The thinner the ozone layer continues to get, the greater the risk of exposure to harmful UVs.

Final words

Air pollution triggered by human activities is more severe than that from natural sources. The range of human and industrial activities that create pollutants in the air is basically endless. Let’s take a look at the effect these pollutants have on the environment.

News Reporter