Air pollution basics

Air pollution has become one of the greatest dangers to mankind and the environment. You’d be surprised that not many people have heard and read about all the various forms of pollution from all social media; some millennials just do not care. Basically, air pollution is the contamination of the air in the environment, regardless of location. Most people regard pollution as the biological, physical and chemical alteration of the air.

Air pollution occurs when the harmful smokes, gas and dust make it impossible for animals, plants and human beings to survive.  When the air becomes dirty, there are a lot of negative things that follow.  Air pollution can be visible and invisible. Air pollution hinders the well being of the atmosphere and the beings that are surviving in it. The combination of harmful gases leads to an imbalance which is harmful to the survival of living creatures on the earth. The ozone layer is very crucial for the existence of ecosystems on earth. An increase in pollution has lead to decrease in the eco-systems. 

Types of pollutants

For you to understand the causes of air pollution, you must understand the divisions that exist. Primary air pollutants are caused by primary sources.  For instance, sulphur oxide is a primary pollutant usually omitted by factories.  Secondary pollutants on the other hand, are caused by reactions in the air. For instance, smog is caused by interactions between two or more primary pollutants.

Here are the main causes of air pollution

Burning of fossil fuels

Sulphur dioxide is a result of burning fossil fuels. Some examples of fuels that kind of air pollution include petroleum, coal and other popular factory combustion materials. Vehicles that use fuel contribute to a high percentage of pollution. Even though vehicles are basic amenities, they kill the environment y producing dangerous gasses. Another major pollutant from vehicles is carbon monoxide which is a result of improper combustion.

Agriculture

Some agricultural products are natural while others are harmful to the environment. Ammonia, which is a bi-product of agriculture, is a very harmful gas. It is produced through use of fertilizers, insecticides and pesticides. These chemicals emit harmful gases into the air and also cause water pollution.

 Exhaust waste from industries and factories

Industries release huge amount of hydrocarbons, organic compounds, carbon monoxide, and other chemicals in to the air. This in turn depletes the quality of air.  The thing is these industries can be found in different areas of the world, which causes major build up that is not good for the environment.

Mining operations

During mining, minerals are extracted in large quantities, the equipment used to extract these minerals is large and they case the release of dust and other chemicals into the air. This affects the respiratory health of individuals, especially those working and living around the mining areas.

Did you know that household cleaning products and painting supplies usually emit toxic chemicals in the surrounding environment?  Think about the smell you get around your home when the walls are freshly painted.  This smell makes it impossible to breathe properly. The Ozone layer is very important for the survival of any living creature on this planet.

News Reporter